So he wrote the following letter to emperor trajan reporting what he had done so far and asking for guidance. Book 10 of plinys letters is a perfect laboratory for investigating the bu reaucratic. On the other hand, there is a strict friendship existing between the peacock and the pigeon, the turtledove and the parrot, the blackbird and the turtle, the crow and the heron, all of which join in a common enmity against the fox. The comments at the bottom of the letters have been added from various sources. Much of the imagery was foreign and meaningless to 1 st century gentile converts to christianity and even more so today. He was the grandson of senator and landowner gaius caecilius, revered his uncle, pliny the elder who at this time was extremely famous around the roman empire. Trajans policy, laid down for pliny in bithynia, was followed by hadrian and antonius pius 117161.
Bible study on 1 peter 3 world council of churches. Revelation is a jewish document written by jews for jews. He was the grandson of senator and landowner gaius caecilius, revered his uncle, pliny the elder who at this time was extremely famous around the roman empire, and provided sketches of how his uncle worked on. Roman literary life book 1, letter 1 pliny has accepited his friends advice and collected some of his letters for publication. Greg carey, professor of new testament at lancaster theological seminary, in sinners. These letters are a unique testimony of roman administrative history and everyday life in the 1st century. Mynors 1963, in the bibliotheca augustana pliny was born in comum in 61 or 62 a. There is little consensus as to the historical nature of the sect identified by tacitus in annales 15. Epistulae x letters 10, also known as the correspondence with trajan is a book of letters by the roman lawyer and author pliny the. The numbering of the letters in this book has been changed slightly to bring it into line with the most recent editions. Besides several edited volumes and numerous articles and essays, he has also authored polycarp and the new testament mohr siebeck, 2002 and polycarps epistle to the philippians and the martyrdom of polycarp oxford university press, 20. Here he met christians for the first time and was not sure how they should be dealt with. The new testament proclaims itself as truth, meaning its words should correspond with fact. It is a mistake to assume the word catholic was a reference to the roman catholic hierarchy, which did not exist at the time of the council of nicea.
The book of revelation is the easiest book in the bible to understand that is of course if you were a jew living in jerusalem in ad 66. See key to translations for an explanation of the format. On the subject of forming a group of firefighters, pliny says. Plinys letter to trajan christian history institute. Sir, consider whether you think a company of firemen might be formed, limited to.
Pliny was a civil servant who served as governor of bithynia, in the north of asia minor modern turkey, from 1111 ad. Paul hartog is a professor of new testament and early christian studies at faith baptist seminary. The letters of pliny the younger gaius plinius caecilius secundus are presented here in the english translation by j. We have a whole set of exchanges of his letters with the emperor trajan on a variety of administrative political matters. Pliny the youngers letter on the early christians in the. It is a rule, sir, which i inviolably observe, to refer myself to you in all my doubts. I beg you, sir, to condescend to advise me in forming a decision on a case like this, for it has created great.
Pliny has a gift for description and a versatile prose style, and more than any of his contemporaries he gives an unprejudiced picture of rome as he knew it. Apr 16, 2020 pliny the younger in light of the christian new testament sources. The epistulae are later copies of a series of personal missives by pliny the younger directed to his friends and associates. The work, which was largely complete by 77 ce, is divided into 37 books and covers such subjects as botany, zoology, and astronomy. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system. From the book of acts, written around 80 ce and chronicles the emergence of the early church, a huge riot broke out just south of ephesus 19. Pliny likely wrote the letters from amisus before his term ended in january 1. This final book was, significantly, not intended for publication. The island has been artificially constructed, and is not a natural formation, for a broad barge brings up a number of immense stones, which are thrown into the water, one on top of the other, and these are kept in position by. Plinys correspondence with the emperor trajan regarding how to deal with christians. These letters concern an episode which marks the first time the roman government recognized christianity as a religion separate from judaism, and sets a precedent for the massive persecution of christians that takes place in the second and third centuries. Book 1, letter 3 pliny is shocked that the people walk out in the middle of recitations. Plinys letter 96 called the pt the plinian testimonium was separated from the others.
Plinys famous correspondence with trajan in 112 pliny, epistles 10. Do not be afraid of them, and do not be troubled, but in your hearts sanctify christ as lord. I got pliny the youngers letter to trajan from the notes to eusebius ecclesiastical history, book iii, ch. Dictionary of greek and roman geography 1854, bithy. In his public speeches, crescens attacked christians as impious and as atheists. We will investigate reactions to early christianity in graecoroman and jewish literature and histories, including how its members were viewed as a rebellious minority and perceptions of their ideas as excessive superstition and a contagion pliny the younger, letters 10. The letters exchanged by pliny and trajan concerning christians have. The new testament claims to be the written record jesus ministry, his teachings and the formation of his church. The original source is pliny the younger, epistles 10.
D a roman author and administrator who served as the governor of bithynia in asia minor, pliny the younger was the nephew and adopted son of a natural historian known as pliny the elder habermas, 1996, pp. He is a man of sound judgment and great sagacity formed upon long. It was a common adjective applied to the churchchurches in the 4th century. Although there are limitations, a number of details in plinys letter correspond with what we learn from the new testament texts. Pliny the elder, roman savant and author of the celebrated natural history, an encyclopedic work of uneven accuracy that was an authority on scientific matters up to the middle ages.
The council of nicea christian history for everyman. It was formed from the roman annexation of two independent. The project gutenberg ebook of letters of pliny, by pliny this ebook is for the use of. Nor is there any firm consensus on the authenticity and historicity of all of that fragment known as tacitus fragment 2 sulpicius severus chronica 2. Pliny the younger was governor of pontusbithynia from 1111 ad. The loeb classical library edition of pliny the younger is in two volumes. Fresh doubts on authenticity of plinys letter about the. An introduction to the new testament by richard heard chapter 14. They shifted from fleeing naked in the face of persecution see mark 14.
The letters of pliny in book 10 were isolated from trajans and other correspondence. An xml version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer perseus any modifications you make. In the early second century, the roman governor pliny tells of two slave women he tortured who were deacons letter to trajan 10. The council of nicea made a number of decisions that give us a clear picture of the authority of rome at the time. We know too little of the history of the christian church for the first century of its existence to enable us to reconstruct the details of its growth with any completeness. The politics of the church in the world fuller studio. The origin of christianity in that region is not known, but it has not been associated.
Looked at collectively as a discursive formation, this correspondence. Pliny epistles 10 and imperial correspondence chapter 12. Ignatius and the didache join agape and eucharist together, but during the second century they were separated, as pliny apparently implies epp. Having never been present at any trials of the christians, i am unacquainted with the method and limits to be observed either in examining or punishing them. The style is very different from that in the panegyricus, and some commentators maintain that pliny initiated a new genre.
The text of the remainder of plinys letters was divided up into fifteen sections about the same length as the pt. Not surprisingly, when the growth of the christian movement began to threaten the stability of established roman society in asia minor in the 2 nd century ad, the roman proconsul pliny issued a decree prohibiting political associations pliny the younger, ep. This work is licensed under a creative commons attributionsharealike 3. The comfortable world of scholarship on book 10 of plinys letters was. Pliny the younger was born in novum comum como, northern italy around 61 ad, the son of lucius caecilius cilo, born there, and his wife plinia marcella, a sister of pliny the elder. Firth 1900 a few words and phrases have been modified. When pliny first encountered christians in his role as proconsul legatus augusti of the province of bithynia, he was uncertain about how to deal with them. Bible study on 1 peter 3 led by john fotopoulos but even if you do suffer for righteousness, you are blessed. Two new testament responses from the churches founded by paul by marianne p. Letters of pliny, by gaius plinius caecilius secundus. Literature was taken much more seriously in the time of the emperor claudius. Book ten the letters of the younger pliny penguin classics by pliny. His letters are arranged in ten books, of which the tenth consists entirely of letters to and from the emperor trajan.392 709 1404 1484 169 1467 237 1456 854 204 1484 587 1097 6 637 196 176 254 1132 531 899 634 1114 859 983 1034 1001 1387 1325 672 902 640 180 727 1095 1288